Kansas Technical Assistance System Network (TASN)
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PRIMING

Priming DefinitionPriming is an intervention that helps prepare children for an upcoming activity or event with which they normally have difficulty. Priming can occur at home or in the classroom and is most effective if it is built into the child’s routine.How to UsePriming sessions are short...

Updated on

November 01, 2017

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Positive Reinforcement

Positive Reinforcement Definition:Reinforcement is a process in which a consequence, a reinforcer, is given following a desired behavior to increase the likelihood or maintain that the behavior  under similar conditions .How to Use: The following steps are used in reinforcement:1.Identify a d...

Updated on

July 04, 2017

Topic

Autism, Behavior

Age

All Ages

Shaping

Shaping DefinitionShaping is the use of reinforcement of successive approximations of a desired behavior. Specifically, when using a shaping technique, each approximate desired behavior that is demonstrated is reinforced, while behaviors that are not approximations of the desired behavior are...

Updated on

July 04, 2017

Topic

Autism, Behavior, Instruction

Age

All Ages

Choice Making

Choice Making DefinitionChoice making is an effective intervention for increasing the active participation of individuals with autism.  For example, providing choice-making opportunities has demonstrated successful outcomes to manage problem behavior.  Choices indicating personal preferences ...

Updated on

July 04, 2017

Topic

Autism, Behavior, Instruction

Age

All Ages

Visual Schedules

DefinitionVisual schedules are an environmental support that accommodates the need for predictability and decreases anxiety about the unknown. Visual schedules take an abstract concept (i.e., time) and present it in a more concrete and manageable form using words and/or pictures. They serve t...

Updated on

July 04, 2017

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Age

None

Rules and Routines

Rules and Routines DefinitionMany students with autism (AU) rely on rules and routines to keep their environment predictable and, therefore, feel safer. Educational professionals and parents must understand the importance of rules and routines for individuals with autism and apply them in various...

Updated on

July 04, 2017

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Age

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Social Stories (TM)

Social Stories (TM) DefinitionBecause of their lack of understanding of social cues or rules, people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often face challenges when having to respond to social behavior and engage in social interactions. Social narratives can teach new social skills and encourag...

Updated on

July 04, 2017

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None

Age

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Fading

FadingDefinition Fading, an applied behavior analysis strategy (ABA), is most often paired with prompts, another ABA strategy. Fading refers to decreasing the level of assistance needed to complete a task or activity. When teaching a skill, the overall goal is for the student to eventually eng...

Updated on

June 08, 2017

Topic

Autism, Behavior, Instruction

Age

All Ages

Prompting

Prompting DefinitionPrompting is a means to induce an individual with added stimuli (prompts) to perform a desired behavior.  Prompting is provided when an ordinary antecedent is ineffective, and is extensively used in behavior shaping and skill acquisition. It provides learners with assistan...

Updated on

June 08, 2017

Topic

Autism, Behavior

Age

All Ages

Chaining

Chaining DefinitionChaining is an instructional strategy grounded in applied behavior analysis (ABA) theory. Chaining is based on task analysis, in which individual steps are recognized as requirements for task mastery.Chaining breaks a task down into small steps and then teaches each step within...

Updated on

June 07, 2017

Topic

Autism, Behavior, Instruction

Age

All Ages