Kansas Technical Assistance System Network (TASN)
provides technical assistance to support school districts’ systematic implementation of evidence-based practices.

School Mental Health: A Resource for Kansas School Communities

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School Mental Health: A Resource for Kansas School Communities...............1

Outlines the purpose and background for the development of a school mental health resource for Kansas communities.

Context for School Mental Health........................................................................5

Provides information and data on the need for addressing mental health in schools.

Adverse Childhood Experiences, Trauma, and Implications for Education Professionals....................................................................................................... 13

Explains the significance of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and trauma, including the impact on child and adolescent development and learning. Provides suggestions for how to support students who have experienced ACEs and trauma, and stresses the importance of self-care for educators who serve these children.

Educational Frameworks and How They Support Student Growth and Development................................................................................................ 25

Gives an overview of models common in education and how they are used to support the needs of the whole child. Suggestions are provided for community partners and how parents/guardians can draw upon this knowledge to improve communication and collaboration with schools to support children and adolescents.

Mental Health and Functional Behavioral Assessment....................................33

Discusses the importance of considering mental health when conducting functional behavioral assessments and developing behavior intervention plans.

Interconnected Systems Framework................................................................ 41

Outlines a promising framework for facilitating effective school-home-community partnerships within a multi-tier system of support.

Creating Family-School Partnerships................................................................45

Discusses the importance of partnering with families to maximize student success.

Self-Determination...............................................................................................49

Explains the role of self-determination in helping students to take responsibility for the direction of their lives and provides a context for the Person-Centered-Planning, Wraparound and RENEW processes.

Person-Centered Planning.................................................................................57

Provides a brief overview of a Tier 3 process that coordinates supports around the life of the individual rather than around the needs of the system and existing services.

Wraparound..........................................................................................................53

Discusses a promising Tier 3 practice that distinguishes itself from traditional service delivery in special education and mental health through its focus on connecting families, schools, and community partners in effective problem-solving relationships.

RENEW..................................................................................................................61

Gives an overview of a structured school-to-career transition planning and individualized wraparound process for youth with emotional and behavioral challenges.

Transitioning Students From Psychiatric Hospitalization Back to School......63

Describes complications that often arise when students transition from a psychiatric residential treatment facility (PRTF) back into the school setting and provides examples of protocols and/or guidelines that can be developed to support more effective transitions.

Suicide: Risk Factors and How to Help At-Risk Populations...........................71

Describes the risk factors of suicide and strategies for preventing suicide and supporting at-risk students.

At-Risk Populations.............................................................................................79

Describes several at-risk populations that may be encountered within school communities and provides helpful resources for each population.

Poverty and Homelessness.....................................................................................80

Migrant and Immigrant Students.............................................................................84

Undocumented Students........................................................................................87

Human Trafficking...................................................................................................95

LGBT Students.......................................................................................................98

Mental Health Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence...............................101

Addresses misconceptions surrounding children and adolescents who have a mental health diagnosis and provides schools with tips on supporting students who have a diagnosis.

Anxiety Disorders.................................................................................................. 103

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).................................................... 108

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).......................................................................... 111

Bipolar Disorder.................................................................................................... 115

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)................................................................... 119

Conduct Disorder.................................................................................................. 122

Depressive Disorders............................................................................................ 125

Eating Disorders................................................................................................... 128

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs)............................................................ 131

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI)................................................................................ 134

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)................................................................. 139

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)................................................................... 143

Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD)..................................................................... 147

Schizophrenia....................................................................................................... 150

Tourette Syndrome (TS)........................................................................................ 154

Appendices.........................................................................................................159

A.   Excerpt from Final Report on School-Based Mental Health in Kansas Conducted by The University of Kansas, School of Social Welfare, Center for Children and Families.............................................................................................................. 161

Provides a summary of findings from online surveys that were disseminated statewide in Kansas to educators, community mental health providers, and parents. Includes recommendations for addressing systems-level infrastructure and practices within schools and community mental health centers.

B.   Trauma-Informed Approaches Across Kansas Communities................ 171

Shares examples of a few of the efforts taking place across Kansas to begin addressing ACEs.

C.   Additional Resources................................................................................. 179

Provides a list of additional resources on the topics related to school mental health.